Crochet symbols & terms

At this page you'll find crochet symbols and terms that we use in our diagrams.

Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
Basic stitches:
chain
(ch)
chain stitch
(ch)
Make a first chain. Then yarn over hook and draw through a loop on the hook to make one chain.
slip stitch
(sl.st)
slip stitch
(sl.st)
Insert the hook into the stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, draw this loop through loop on the hook. When a number of chains have to be joined into a circle, the circle closed with a slip stitch.
double crochet
(dc)
single crochet
(sc)
Insert the hook into the given stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, (2 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook (1 loop remains on hook).
triple double crochet
(tr.dc)
double single crochet
(d.sc)
Insert the hook into the given stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop,( 2 loops on hook), yarn over hook, insert the hook into the same stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, (4 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 4 loops (1 loop remains on hook).
tunisian simple stitch
(tss)
tunisian simple stitch
(tss)
1 row (outward): insert hook into second chain from hook, yarn over hook, draw loop through and leave on hook, * hook into next chain, yarn over hook, draw loop through and leave on hook, repeat from * to end of row.
2 row (return): without turning the work, yarn over hook, draw through a loop, *yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook, repeat from * to end of row.
3 row (outward): 1 turning chain, miss first loop, * insert hook into next loop, yarn over hook, and draw loop through, repeat from * to end of row.
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
chain-double crochet
(ch.dc)
chain-single crochet
(ch.sc)
Insert the hook into the stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop (2 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through a first loop on hook (2 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook (1 loop remains on hook).
reverse double crochet
(rv.dc)
reverse single crochet>
(rv.sc)
Insert the hook into the second stitch to right of hook, yarn over hook and draw through a loop ( 2 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook (1 loop remains on hook).
half treble
(h.tr)
half double crochet
(h.dc)
Insert hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, (3 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 3 loops on hook (1 loop remains on hook).
treble
(tr)
double crochet
(dc)
Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook, yarn over hook and draw through remaining 2 loops on hook (1 loop remains on hook).
double treble
(d.tr)
treble or triple
(tr)
Yarn over hook 2 times, insert hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop ( 4 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook, yarn over hook and draw through next 2 loops on hook, yarn over hook and draw through remaining 2 loops on hook (1 loop remains on hook).
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
Clusters, popcorn, puff stitch & bullion stitches
3 treble cluster 3 double crochet cluster Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch to be worked and draw the yarn, yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook (1 incomplete treble/double crochet), * yarn over hook, insert hook into same stitch and draw the yarn, yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook, repeat from * 1 time, yarn over hook and draw through all loops.
6 treble cluster 6 double crochet cluster Work 6 incomplete treble/double crochet in the same stitch then yarn over hook and draw through all loops.
2 double treble cluster 2 treble cluster Work 2 incomplete double treble/treble in the same stitch, then yarn over hook and draw through all loops.
3 double treble cluster 3 treble cluster Work 3 incomplete double treble/treble in the same stitch, then yarn over hook and draw through all loops.
5 treble popcorn 5 double crochet popcorn Work one chain and 5 treble/double crochet in the same stitch. Take the final loop of the last stitch worked from the hook and insert the hook into the one chain before the group of stitches, then into the dropped loop and draw the yarn through.
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
7 treble popcorn 7 double crochet popcorn Work one chain and 7 treble/double crochet in the same stitch. Take the final loop of the last stitch worked from the hook and insert the hook into the one chain before the group of stitches, then into the dropped loop and draw the yarn through.
4 half treble puff stitch 4 half double crochet puff stitch Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch to be worked and draw yarn up 0,5 - 1 cm, *yarn over hook, insert hook into same stitch and draw yarn up, repeat from*3 times, yarn over hook and draw through all loops.
6 half treble puff stitch 6 half double crochet puff stitch Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch to be worked and draw yarn up 0,5 – 1 cm, *yarn over hook, insert hook into same stitch and draw yarn up, repeat from*5 times, yarn over hook and draw through all loops.
bullion stitch bullion stitch Yarn over hook the required number of times, usually from 10 to 12 times, hook insert into stitch, yarn over hook and draw loop through, yarn over hook and draw through all loops on hook, finish by working a chain.
Flower from puffs or clusters Flower from puffs or clusters 1 row: work 1 treble / double crochet in space of 3 chains below, 3 chains, 1 incomplete cluster in third chain to right of hook, 1 incomplete cluster in space of 3 chains below and 1 incomplete cluster in next space of 3 chains below, yarn over hook and draw through all loops (3 clusters decrease). Then work 3 chains, 1 cluster in third chain to right of hook and 1 treble / double crochet in space of 3 chains below.
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
2 row: 1 treble / double crochet in stitch below, 3 chains, * 1 cluster in top of 3 clusters decrease below, 3 chains, repeat from * 1 time, 1 treble / double crochet in stitch below.
Picots:
picot of 3 chains closed with a slip stitch to the previous stitch picot of 3 chain stitches closed with a slip stitch to the previous stitch Work 3 chain/chain stitches. The final chain is joined to the work by working a slip stitch into a previous stitch to right of hook.
picot of 5 chains closed with a slip stitch to the previous stitch picot of 5 chain stitches closed with a slip stitch to the previous stitch Work 5 chain/chain stitches. The final chain is joined to the work by working a slip stitch into a previous stitch to right of hook.
picot of 5 chains closed with a slip stitch to the 5th chain picot of 5 chains closed with a slip stitch to the 5th chain Work 5 chain/chain stitches. The final chain is joined to the work by working a slip stitch into the first chain.
picot of 5 chains closed with a double crochet to the 5th chain picot of 5 chain stitches closed with a single crochet to the 5th chain Work 5 chain/chain stitches. The final chain is joined to the work by working a double crochet / single crochet into the first chain.
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
Crossed stitches:
crossed treble stitch 1x1 cross double crochet stitch 1x1 One method is to miss a stitch, work the given stitch in the next stitch and then the given stitch in the missed stitch.

Another method makes a crossed stitch which is separate from its pair. Miss 1 stitch, work the given stitch in the next stitch and with the hook behind the stitch just worked, insert it into the missed stitch and work the given stitch.

These are worked on the longer crochet stitches without actually crossing them. Using a double treble / treble stitch, yarn over hook twice and insert hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops ( 3 loops on hook), yarn over hook and insert hook into given stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops (two “legs” made), * yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops, repeat from* 3 times.
Work number of chains required to begin to work the second arm. Yarn over hook, insert hook into center of previous stitch draw through a loop, * yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops, repeat from* 2 times.
crossed double treble stitch 1x1 cross treble stitch 1x1
crossed treble stitch 2x1 cross double crochet stitch 2x1
crossed treble stitch 1x1, separated by 2 chains cross double crochet stitch 1x1, separated by 2 chain stitches
crossed double treble stitch 1x1, separated by 2 or 3 chains cross treble stitch 1x1, separated by 2 or 3 chain stitches
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
Half-crossed stitches
These are stitches on two “legs”
1 half cross double treble 1 half cross treble Yarn over hook twice and insert hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops ( 1 incomplete treble / double crochet ), yarn over hook and insert hook into given stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops (1 incomplete treble / double crochet) - two “legs” made, * yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops, repeat from* 3 times.
1 half cross quintuple treble 1 half cross quadruple treble Yarn over hook five times and insert hook into stitch, work 1 incomplete double treble / treble, yarn over twice, insert hook in next stitch and work 1 incomplete double treble / treble, * yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops, repeat from* 5 times (1 loop remains on hook).
Increasing stitches:
2 double crochet stitches worked in a single stitch 2 single crochet stitches worked in a single stitch These are stitches working in the same stitch of previous row/round.
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
Increasing stitches:
2 double crochet stitches worked in a single stitch 2 single crochet stitches worked in a single stitch These are stitches working in the same stitch of previous row/round.
2 chain-double crochet stitches worked in a single stitch 2 chain-single crochet stitches worked in a single stitch
2 half treble stitches worked in a single stitch 2 half double crochet stitches worked in a single stitch
2 treble stitches worked in a single stitch 2 double crochet stitches worked in a single stitch
2 double treble stitches or 2 triple treble stitches worked in a single stitch 2 treble stitches or 2 double treble stitches worked in a single stitch
3 or 5 treble stitches worked in a single stitch 3 or 5 double crochet stitches worked in a single stitch
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
2 treble stitches separated by 2 or 3 chains, worked in a single stitch 2 double crochet stitches separated by 2 or 3 chain stitches worked in a single stitch These are stitches working in the same stitch of previous row/round and separated by the chain/chain stitch.
2 double treble stitches separated by 2 or 3 chains, worked in a single stitch 2 treble stitches separated by 2 or 3 chain stitches, worked in a single stitch
3 treble stitches each separated by 1 chain, worked in a single stitch 3 double crochet stitches each separated by 1 chain stitch, worked in a single stitch
group of 2 double treble and 3 triple treble stitches each separated by 3 chains, worked in a single stitch group of 2 treble and 3 double treble stitches each separated by 3 chain stitches, worked in a single stitch
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
Decreasing stitches:
2 double crochet stitches decrease 2 single crochet stitches decrease Work the given incomplete stitches then draw yarn through all loops on hook.

For example, 2 treble stitch decrease / 2 double crochet decrease. Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, ( 3 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook, yarn over hook and insert hook into next stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, ( 4 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook, ( 3 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through remaining 3 loops on hook (1 loop remains on hook).
2 tunisian simple stitches decrease 2 tunisian simple stitches decrease
3 tunisian simple stitches decrease 3 tunisian simple stitches decrease
2 half treble stitches decrease 2 half double crochet stitches decrease
2 treble stitches decrease 2 double crochet stitches decrease
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
3 treble stitches decrease 3 double crochet stitches decrease
2 double treble stitches decrease 2 treble stitches decrease
3 double treble stitches decrease 3 treble stitches decrease
6 double treble stitches decrease 6 treble stitches decrease
2 puff stitches decrease 2 puff stitches decrease
5 long half treble stitches decrease 5 long half double crochet stitches decrease Or for example, 6 long half treble stitches decrease / 6 half double crochet decrease. Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch to be worked and draw yarn up 1 cm, *yarn over hook, insert hook into next stitch and draw yarn up, repeat 5 from* times, yarn over hook and draw through all loops.
6 long half treble stitches decrease 6 long half double crochet stitches decrease
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
Relief stitches:
relief double crochet worked at front relief single crochet worked at front These are worked by taking the hook round the stem of a stitch.

A relief front stitches is made by wrapping the yarn over the hook, taking the hook from the front and from the right to left round the stitch to be worked and then completing the stitch normally.

A relief back stitches is made by wrapping the yarn over the hook, taking the hook from the back and from the right to left round the stitch to be worked and then completing the stitch normally.
relief double crochet worked at back relief single crochet worked at back
relief half treble worked at front relief half double crochet worked at front
relief half treble worked at back relief half double crochet worked at back
relief treble worked at front relief double crochet worked at front
rrelief treble worked at back relief double crochet worked at back
Symbol: UK term: US term: Description:
relief puff stitch from 2 half treble worked at front relief puff stitch from 2 half double crochet worked at front
relief puff stitch from 4 half treble worked at front relief puff stitch from 4 half treble worked at front
Back and front loop of chain stitch:
double crochet worked in back loop of chain stitch single crochet worked in back loop of chain stitch This crochet technique is used for relief work. Insert the hook into back or front chain stitch of previous row and work given stitch.
treble worked in front loop of chain stitch double crochet worked in front loop of chain stitch
Working circularly:
ring of yarn ring of yarn Loop the yarn around knitting needle a few times and then make one stitch to connect them. Then work a given stitches into circle. Join the last stitch to the first stitch by a slip stitch.

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